Increased mechanization of work typifies industrial societies. Additionally, industrial society has better infrastructure for transporting people, goods, and services. Increased rural-urban migration is an attribute of an industrial society. In an industrial society, there is increased emergence of cities and urban centers with their accompanying problems especially congestion. Emergence of factories and industries is a characteristic of an industrial society (Bradley et. al., 2000).
Information is the most prominent attribute of post-industrialism. Another characteristic of the post-industrial society is that practical knowledge is replaced with theoretical knowledge. A post-industrial society is also characterized by the replacement of manual laborers by professional workers. Additionally, a need for higher education is another feature for a postindustrial society as people try to adopt the emerging sophisticated information and technology. In addition, a post-industrial society is attributed with increased rationalization of political and social life. Work in a post-industrial society moves from factories to other places including homes (Law Commission of Canada, 2004).
There have been notable changes in work in Canada over time. In the period preceding industrialization (pre-industrial era), production work was located in households. Many people in Canada engaged in seasonal jobs such as building canals, they would work for 14, and sixteen hours daily with little pay. Agriculture was a major economic activity for many Canadians. Industrialization set in ushered in by a growth in transportation infrastructure and increasing unemployment. Clothing, glass and shipbuilding began in Nova Scotia and manufacturing started in Quebec and Ontario. These activities paid better than the activities that were done in the previous periods. That notwithstanding, the pay was relatively low compared to the work that workers did. According to Jamie Swift, workers were