Functionalism argues that the society is a system of interrelated parts whose individual roles contribute to the stability of the society. Unlike in social conflict theory, functionalism explains that bipolar disorder in juveniles is a result of the failure of some parts of the society to perform their functions thus leading to disharmony in the society. Every part of the society helps meet a certain need and if, for example, family does not help socialize children well including emotionally, the child will be exposed to developing different dysfunctional behaviors such as bipolar disorder (Diler, 2007).
Interactionism explains that there are certain meanings that people ascribe to symbols in order to help them communicate. The meanings attached to symbols are important in helping individuals form impressions of them, a sense of self and interpret the reality of a situation. Converse to the perception of social conflict and functionalism theories, interactionism hold that bipolar disorder in juveniles is caused by incorrect interpretation of a situation that frustrates a child. In fact, one of the symptoms of bipolar disorder in juveniles is feelings of grandiose and this could result from a skewed interpretation of reality (Gotlib & Hammen, 2010).
Social construction explains that people ascribe certain attributes to things and people and use these attributes to relate with these things and people. Social construction would explain that bipolar disorder in juveniles is a result of unfavorable reactions from others due to the attributes given to a person. Different from interactionism though, social construction would hold that there are genetic underpinnings of the attributes given to a person and that predispose children to bipolar disorder. On another level, social construction explains that dysfunctional upbringing of a child is the cause of bipolar disorder. Like social conflict theory, social construction holds that there are certain privileges