This makes the criminals to return to jail as soon as they finish their jail sentences because the jail did not help them rehabilitate and so they go back to crime as soon as they are released. The law also mainly targets the coloured people and the low class people. An example of this is a person found in possession of 5 grams of crack cocaine gets five years in jail while an offender found with five hundred grams of powdered cocaine gets a sentence of the same thresh hold (Huling 206). This policy disproportionately affects the blacks because most of the defendants of crack are black. Crack cocaine is much cheaper than the powder cocaine. Jailing offenders with possession of small amounts of crack cocaine and not powder proves that the law is targeting the low lass and the poor people at the expense of people who are well off. The law has specified on the small offenses and giving long jail periods. This is another factor that has led to the mass incarceration. Recent research shows that thirty six percent of the drug inmates are people who are low level offenders and they have minimal criminal histories but they are mostly sentenced for more than six years in prison.
In America the number of prisoners is more than the number of farmers! Most prisons are located in the rural areas because prisons because they are regarded to have economic advantage. Communities which face decline in, mining, farming, manufacturing and timberwork are opting for the building of prisons in their back yards because of the economic gains that are attached to the prison. The building of prison as a strategy for economic in depressed communities in rural areas growth has become wide spread trend in America. The towns have become dependent on the prison industry which is in turn dependent on the enhancement of crime- producing condition. This depicts that the government is counting on the prisoners for