is still being practiced in some countries particularly the African countries, a factor that has led to much pain, loss of lives and destruction of properties among other detrimental effects. As a matter of fact, negative ethnicity is said to be the root cause of the ongoing Southern Sudan tribal crisis that are making headlines all over the world.
Ethnicity can be classified into major categories namely negative and positive ethnicity. Positive ethnicity refers to the good part of having various communities who have different cultural practices, religions, beliefs and norms among other disparities(Berman, 2005, p.63). If positive ethnicity is properly practiced, it can be of major benefit such as being a major tourist attraction. This is evidenced by the high number of tourists who travel from different parts of the world just to enjoy watching the numerous cultural practices of the African communities like those of the Maasai of Kenya. Negative ethnicity on the other hand refers to the aspect of using ethnicity as a base for discriminating some communities and treating them as if they are second class citizens (inferior), a factor that often leads to tribal clashes (Udogu, 2001, p.85).
Negative ethnicityis believed to be the root cause of the 1994 Rwandan genocide that left millions of people dead because of the civil wars between the country’s two major ethnic groups namely Hutus and the Tutsi (Tanye, 2010, p.72). A genocide that left detrimental impacts that the country is still trying to recover from up to date. Carried out studies have proven that African countries are the most prone to civil wars as a result of ethnicity that many believe to have been fueled by the colonial governments. A significant percentage of the African countries having already suffered a huge blow of civil wars with the most recent tribal crisis being the ongoing Southern Sudan tribal crisis, that have left hundreds of thousands of people homeless and others dead. Other countries