According to Fisher, academic performance is not affected by the rate of racial or ethnic discrimination, but the impacts of the difference is what cause academic problems. For example, if the level f discrimination is high towards a certain group, they will lose the urge of getting education hence this affects their academic performance.
According to Fisher and Eyes of Storm, class materials, political structure are based on the majority of the race. The less dominant less has minority representation in the political structure or government. Jobs allocation in the government is determined by the lion’s share of race and ethnic majority, thus the minority are not considered in well-paying jobs.
Ogbu states that various cultural beliefs and norms are known to exist in the states or countries with deprived economic status. Developed countries have limited cultural norms and beliefs. Thus, because of poor cultural frameworks as considered by majority of developed countries makes the gap between race and ethnicity wider.
According to Fordham and Ogbu, cultural differences are not directly related to academic performance since academic traits are cognitive related. Hence does not cause ethnic and racial difference. However, they conclude that individual with high value of negative cultures are neglected by other in the society hence this difference in distance can affect academic performance.
Cultural theories state that cultural norms affect the way the government functions and performance. Thus, a country with high value of culture will tend to ignore individual from other nations causing racial difference.
It has been noted that well-developed localities and homes are known to be for the affluent. In the US, structural difference in race between the white and blacks can be evident from where they life. California and Manhattan respectively. This means that structural allocations is in-terms of race.
Structural positions in the government as