The use of fear and terror is one of the common characteristics of dictatorial leadership. The government uses its power to ensure that the public live in fear and that they remain loyal to their leader. During the period of the Second World War, the Germany leader, Hitler used the Gestapo police to inflict fear within the public. The Gestapo police was the state police in the Nazi Germany, which was known for its terrorist approaches within the country. This police body was used to suppress public assertiveness. For instance, when the students protested in 1942 requesting for the end of the Nazi regime, thousands of them were arrested and other executed by this unit. This was an action to suppress the public efforts of ending the dictatorial power (Haugen 23). Therefore, fear and terror is one of the ways that autocratic leaders exercise power within the community.
Secondly, Autocratic leaders use indoctrination to ensure that the public follows all the set laws without criticizing them. One of the laws that the Hitler used in Germany to rule the people is that no one should show any sign of betrayal of the country. Each person was expected the laws to the letter as the consequences of being unloyal were far reaching. This is shown clear by the punishment of the Jews, which was fuelled by the rumor that they were selling the country to the enemies. Hitler used this rumor as a scapegoat to eliminate most Jews, who were seen as foreigners in Germany. The Jews were taken to the concentration camps where they suffered from torture, slavery, malnutrition and thousands died (Haugen 45-60). This shows how far the government would go in punishing those who did not follow the laws blindly and did not succumb to indoctrination.
In conclusion, fascists are leaders who use scapegoating, indoctrination, fear and terror to dominate over the rights of the public. The people are subjected to fear and terror to follow the rules of the country strictly without any criticism.