In modern society; there is a criminal procedure which must be adhered to during the process of investigation and / or trial. If the accused is found guilty; then he / she will be sentenced to face punishment such as; imprisonment, life imprisonment, community service, or even death in some countries. To be seen as a crime; the practice of doing bad acts must be accompanied by the intention of committing bad activities. Although every crime breaks the law; not ever acts of law violation counts as crime. Breaches in private laws are enforced through the civil procedures; not necessarily punishable by the government.
Crime has been present in the United States of America since the time of colonization. The rates of crime have continuously changed over time; there was a sharp rise in crime after the Second World, and the level peaked in the periods between 1970s and early 1990s. As from beginning of 1990s, the crime rates have reduced in the USA. Current crime level is almost equal to the levels experienced in the 1960s. Crime statistics in the USA are officially recorded in the; Uniform Crime Report, made by the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and National Crime Victimization Surveys, made by Bureau of Justice Statistics. The Federal Bureau of Investigations also publishes yearly reports on the level of law enforcement in the USA. According the Federal Bureau of Investigations; crime in the USA involves property and violent crime. Violent crime include four major issues; robbery, aggravated assault, forcible rape, and murder and non–negligent manslaughter. Property crime involve issues like; arson, motor vehicle theft, larceny and burglary.
Since the 1990s, the crime rate in the United States of America has continuously reduced. This decline is attributable to several hypothetical explanations; the US government has considerably increased the number of security officers as form early 1990s; changes in demographic