Having no fun and internal satisfaction at work, people are counting working hours and even minutes for the end of the day, when they can live for pleasure (Budd 2011). Such a behavior has been discussed by many various economists and scholars of social sciences who have developed the concept of work disutility. However, there is also a significant share of individuals who perceive job not only as the source of income but also as an opportunity for social engagement and communication and in case they are not employed, they perceive unemployment as disutility (Chadi 2010).
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the concept of work and disutility in respect to the relevant economic and social theories and also to provide a broader analysis of the concept of disutility in employment/work activity and beyond it.
Disutility has many various interpretations and definitions. One of the simplest one is formulated in the following way: “the degree to which a commodity or activity fails to satisfy human wants” (Dictionary.com 2009). Applying this definition to the working environment, it is possible to withdraw the following explanation of the work disutility – the degree to which work fails to satisfy human wants.
The idea of work as disutility has found its further development and conceptualization in the neoclassic economic theory. The mainstream economic thought in relation to labor is dominated by the idea that work is a means to an end (Spencer 2009). Thus, for example, neoclassical economic theory views work as a “way of supporting what is assumed to be each individual’s fundamental objective – the consumption of goods, services, and leisure in a way that maximizes one’s personal utility” (Budd 2011). Based on this approach, work is viewed as something negative but impossible or difficult to avoid in order in order to survive. Work as an unloved necessity has