About 3million vulnerable children are hampered in their daily activities by chronic mental and physical problems such as disability and illness (Mooney 2004). The growth in paid employment for women has necessitated a social policy on care of children since women have to provide care to their babies, attend to the elderly and pay for other sites such as after-school clubs with their low wages (Fink 2004). From my experience, my dad did not like my mum going to paid employment since it interfered with his expectations (Campbell 2014). Since primary school, I looked after my sister and brother as well as ensuring dinner was on the table when my dad came from work (Campbell 2014). Although local authorities are expected to assess the need of young people, there is no obligation to provide such care services and the physical, emotional and material support can only be attained by relying on the existing state benefits (Lewis 2004).
Carers National Association (CAN) has lobbied for policy and legislation that includes unpaid care work and opportunities for break. A clear example is the Carers (Recognition and Services Act 1995), that recognises the contribution of informal carers on behalf of the state. My previous experience at work demonstrates these laws are not applicable in practice since the employers insisted they could not grant me grant me time off (Campbell 2014). According to psychoanalytic approaches, care must reflect on the emotional needs of the children and young people since the mental health is important as the physical health and hygiene. The social policy should avoid the maternal deprivation and loss of attachment since mothers provide the psychological and emotional needs of children that cannot be offered by children’s homes thus helping the children and young people develop a personal identity and sustained emotional attachment that cannot be offered in children’ homes (Mooney,