Most people believe that egoism has an aim to satisfy immediate gratification without minding the entire consequences. However, this is wrong as one first makes a simple calculation of pain after the act. Egoism does not fight against good will to others but imply that the actions will be for the benefit of others as we maximize our utilities. According to psychological egoism, men receive motivation from a desire for pleasure and pain aversion.
Ethical egoism acts on a subject that people need to act while at the same time favoring their interests. It is a normative claim. It is argued that one should not he act for the benefit of himself. Another argument splits up that one can act in favor own interests even after conflicting with other people’s interests. Those in argument for the theory express that a total altruistic character is too demanding and degrading to a moral person. It further says that it is advantageous when someone pursues his or her own interests.
Theorists arguing against ethical egoism comment that it fails to provide a moral basis for conflicting parties. Moreover, it is an obligation of each person to ensure that other people fail to do the right thing if it fails to relate with the subject at hand. Ethical egoism acts on the same basis as racism. It is possible to pursue moral values and at the same time pursue self-interests. However, such an occasion is not likely to happen unless an alternative ethical system is in place. Opponents also claim that,
in a world where one being is the only resident of the place, the duties will still follow him. Duties are the acts dictating the morals.