According to Marx, capitalism mostly entails the exploitation of the proletariat by the members of the higher social classes namely the bourgeoise. The presence of class struggle explains how easy it is for the members of the proletariat to institute social change. During industrial strikes, a definite act of class struggle, members of the proletariat class are normally united and they can easily take a common front yet some of them are evidently unsure of their social class of why they are even partaking in the strike in the first instance.
Other social groups hold some potential to bring the desired social change but such potential is yet to be achieved. This is because they deem themselves to be very comfortable with the current social set up which has been largely responsible for their social status. The bourgeoisie for example own the factors of production and they are responsible for paying the wages to the proletariat. The intermediate position between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, commonly known as the middle class, is often split between instituting social change and supporting the status quo. The members of the intermediate class normally receive a wage or salary from an employer but they combine this with self-employment in a venture where they have hired a few members of the proletariat to work for them. For example a teacher could also own a farm where he or she has employed a few farm hands to offer their services at the farm on a wage. The members of this class are torn between the hope of one day breaking into the bourgeoisie classification and the frustration that comes with still serving as a proletariat. The bourgeoisie on the other hand are content with the current social set up. They are rich and wealthy. They own all the means of production. If anything, they are likely to resist any form of social change that would interfere with the status quo. They won’t hesitate to deploy the instruments of