Poor economic status hinders developing countries from effectively addressing environmental issues. For example, people rely on natural resources for their foods and sources of income in sub-Saharan region. There are higher chances that many people in this region will die of hunger and malnutrition when they face droughts. In addition, lack of education and advanced health facilities make people in developing nations vulnerable to climate change illnesses such as cholera, especially when they experience floods. On the contrary, developed nations have higher economic status because they can afford effective technologies to reduce the effects of climate change (IPCC, 2014).
Apart from economic status, developed and developing counties will experience different effects climate change due to geographical differences. Developed countries experience different climate characteristic from developed nation because of their different locations. People are vulnerable to diseases such skin cancer when it is hot in areas that experience extreme weather conditions. This especially affects those who work outdoors. For example, during summer in the US, more people are vulnerable to diseases caused by hot weather conditions compared to people in sub-Saharan regions with no extreme weather conditions. However, due to the effective healthcare systems in developed nations, less people will be affected compared to developing countries (Gross, 2002).
If climate change becomes more severe in future, public health problems will become more severe especially in resource poor countries. Developed countries have very high population compared to their resources. Such countries will face a serious shortage of important resources such water if climate change becomes severe. This will mostly occur in urban areas with the highest populations. Water shortages will cause poor sanitation which will in turn lead to higher vulnerability to