Sociological units, on the other hand, are consistent patterns of rule-governed characters in the society. They may include the family, religion, economic, political institutions among others (Andersen and Taylor 2008). However, the research paper will focus on the impact of the theories on the family as a sociological unit.
It states that an individuals internal state of mind depends on the role it plays in the society (Stolley 2005). The mental states may include beliefs, pain, and desires among others that constitute an individuals lifestyle. It also reveals the relationship between social order and roles allocated to individuals. Moreover, it also establishes each social institution as a primary contributor to the whole society. It has various principles such as organic and mechanical solidarity that are based on beliefs and values (Stolley 2005). Mechanic solidarity is common among individuals who perform the allocated role based strictly on the beliefs. Organic, on the other hand, follows the beliefs, but an individual can perform different roles. Primarily, functionalism focuses on social stability and success based on the shared values among the members.
Functionalism has its foundation on role allocation and its impacts on individuals. The family is the basic unit of the society that has the role of ‘breeding individuals and providing them with survival tips (Andersen and Taylor 2008). The theory states that parents are issued with the role of teaching their children socially acceptable behaviors. When an individual is programmed with the right behaviors, he/she can survive and serve his/her purpose in the society.
Differences in the theory are brought about by the rival theory behaviorism that is based on inborn character. There are individuals that are resistant to change and role allocation cannot change their behaviors (Tischler 2007). They only perform these functions while under