Name: Instructor: Task: Date: Chinese Mainland Immigration and Hong Kong immigration to British Columbia Introduction Chinese immigrants constitute a significant population in British Columbia. Presently, estimates indicate that over 1,000,000 Chinese live in B.C…
As such, this paper examines the Mainland and the Hong Kong immigration to B.C and explores the influence of political processes on such immigrations. Comparison of immigration of Chinese from Mainland and Hong Kong The Hong Kong immigrations Hong Kong was the prime source of immigrants to BC in the year 1997 with the process hugely determined by political processes. Individuals who had left the city to avoid the colonial authority dominated the Hong Kong group1. Indeed, the immigrants found the colonial rule unbearable; hence, opted to migrate to BC. The handover of 1997 could have considerably influenced the movements. Consequently, the number of Hong Kong immigrants to the B.C increased from the year 1987; thus, reaching the peak in 1994 since B.C received over 16 000 immigrates. By this year, Hong Kong accounted for about 34 % of the total immigrants received by the B.C. The process of immigration based on uncertainty in the mother country did not characterize the Hong Kong migrations. Apparently, the able and qualified individuals had already migrated by the 1997 handover. The visa applications information in B.C indicates that the region recorded the maximum applicants between 1989 and 1991. This declined later reaching the minimum threshold in the year 1993 and recovered slightly by 19952. Notably, Hong Kong residents seeking immigration to B.C in the first quarter of 1997 were considerably fewer than 1996. Hong Kong’s immigrants focusing on business exuded patterns that were closely correlated with the 1997 handover. As such, the number of Hong Kong investors was highest in the period 1992-94 and tended to decline towards 1997. The declining trend of the immigrants and investments highlight the role of the political forces in shaping the Hong Kong’s immigrations3. An explanation of the recorded trend is that investment to the B.C was high in earlier years because of the political instability in Hong Kong; however, towards the 1997 handover, the foreign investments went down because Hong Kong Investors started to concentrate on local ventures. Under social perspectives, the Hong Kong immigrations were not highly influenced by the handover. The family and career oriented immigrants were mainly influenced by regulatory changes in the B.C4. For instance, an adjustment of the accompanying children regulation in the year 1992 enhanced the process. Consequently, the B.C recorded a growth in the number of people landing from the Hong Kong under the family category in the year 1992. Notably, anticipation of these adjustments influenced the immigrations since the number of Hong Kong seeking residency in B.C started to increase a few years prior to the 1992 declaration. The Mainland Immigrations After the handover, the situation changed as the China-mainland assumed the earlier position of the Hong Kong. As noticed in 1998, the China-mainland became the Chief source of the B.C immigrants supplying the region with about 5,744 persons in the year. This population accounted for about 16 % of the total immigrants in the region. The mainland immigrants endorsed some traits presented by the Hong Kong immigrants5. Indeed, political forces played a crucial position in the mainland migrations in a different context. Notably, the mainland migration does not greatly uphold the family-based migrations presented by the Hong Kong. Interestingly, the progressive growth of the Chinese economy ...
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