Culture refers to the “patterns of human groups” and their specific behaviors regulated by traditional practices and norms prevalent in a particular society Culture refers to the “patterns of human groups” and their specific behaviors regulated by traditional practices and norms prevalent in a particular society Due to this complexity of culture and difficulties in the understanding of this phenomenon, researchers must not explore “everything in every study” and focus on individual aspects of culture and the psychological element in specific studies (p.245). In this manner, they will be able to acquire adequate and in depth knowledge about each aspect of the specific culture and learn its intricacies. Question-2: What are some ethical concerns of sociological research? Why do sociologists need to follow a code of ethics? The American Sociological Association, through their Code of Ethics (1999), stipulates a wide range of ethical practices while conducting sociological research, of which the following are very important:1. The researchers must have adequate competence2. They should not misuse or misrepresent their expertise3. Informed consent must be obtained from participants in the research4. They should not discriminate among, exploit or harass the participants5. They should respect the confidentiality of the participantsSociologists, by virtue of their role as social welfare professionals, need to work for the betterment of the society and must keep human and social interests as their top priority. Hence, they need to abide by all the ethical principles which form the core part of their profession as well as personal conduct.