China often faces criticisms for its poor human rights compliance because of its “re-education through labor” system and extent of capital punishment (Smith and Le). Re-education through the labor system is used in China to punish those who criticize the government. China abolished this said system to improve its human rights image (Smith and Le). In addition, China also decreased crimes that are punishable by death and it also aims to reduce torture practices to acquire confessions (Smith and Le). Moreover, China seeks to improve its justice system (Smith and Le). These are political and legislative reforms that address human rights concerns.
The final changes in the country concern economic dimensions. China wants to improve its economic liberalization further. To do this, it will reduce its control over the banking sector by permitting the creation of small and medium-sized private banks (Smith and Le). China said it will continue to make economic reforms, but it is not willing to commit on specific kinds and speed of reforms (Smith and Le). China wants to do these reforms their way and not to feel pressured to do more without properly discussing it through their political channels.
China used the Third Plenary Session to introduce social, political, legal, and economic reforms that can additionally liberalize its economy and society. These changes also seek to address human rights and population issues. China wants to be a better global player through these reforms.