Poverty as a social phenomenon is viewed from two points with two types of explanations suggested for it. The first explanation is defining personal features of people as the main factor for poverty. That means that poverty in America is triggered by the culture of pauperism i.e. a special moral defect that prevents people from building better future. Such characteristics as submission, laziness, and fatalism are typical for this culture. In fact, this opinion was common even in the nineteenth century (Townsend). In brief, this explanation of poverty implies the idea that poor people somehow deserve the low standard of living and their lack of purposefulness is not to be compensated by the government in the shape of welfare programs.The second explanation provides a “structural failing” as the main cause of poverty in the US. This theory is based on the structural peculiarities, stratification of society and economic inequality. According to this view, poverty is not what depends on the traits of the separate individuals. It is the phenomenon caused by the general state of the society. For example, there are some situations that work as factors for poverty increase. They are economic crises, wars, general economical regression. In these conditions, poverty comes as a result of uneven distribution of wealth. To tackle the problem it is desirable to create social security programs. Development of international economy and changes in the labor market influence poverty.
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(Poverty As a Social Phenomenon Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
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