Various types of global migration flows around the world today and the role of globalization in producing those flows
The permanent migrants also aim at getting the citizenship of the foreign country. On the other hand, temporary migrants have the intention of staying in a country for a specific period of time. For example, temporary migrants may stay in another country for completion of an educational course or for the duration of their job or in particular seasons in which work is available for them in the host country. Different types of migration activities have significant and differentiated impacts on the society and economy of the destination country as well as that of the originating country (Arapoglou, 2006).
The migration processes are heterogeneous in nature. People from different corners of the world migrate for a number of varied reasons. Four main types of global migration flows can be identified in the modern world. These are the temporary and permanent labour migration, forced migration, International Retirement Migration (IRM) and internal migration. The temporary migrations include two different types of migration like legal and illegal labour migration. Internal migration is most commonly observed in the trends of people moving from rural areas to the urban areas. This trend is also seen in some places for the aim of counter urbanization.
Labour migration is representative of the movement of various individuals from one part to another part of the globe with the main purpose of seeking employment or any other source of income. This may be in response to the job openings or recruitment drives opened in other countries.