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Whose Responsibility of Childhood Obesity - Research Paper Example

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Obesity is the result of having too many or excess fats and too few calories expended, as a consequence of its environment, genetic, and behavioral factors (CDC, June 7, 2012) News reports USA Today warns the public that 42% Americans may turn to be obese by 2030 ”if nothing is done to control it.(Hellmich, Nancy, 08 May, 2012). World Health Organization reported childhood obesity as one of the most serious health problems in the 21st century as it affects many low and middle income countries. WHO estimated that the number of these children in 2010 to be over 42 million globally and about 35 million of these children live in developing countries. Fig. 1 shows the rapid increase of overweight among US children for ages 6-11, and if nothing is done, it is feared that health cost maintenance to government may be as high as $147 billion a year, or 9% of health expenditures and if the health rate of obesity remains at 2010 level, a substantial savings of $529 billion up to 2030 will be realized in terms of weight-related expenditures (USA Today) Reports said overweight and obese children, are more likely to remain obese until adulthood if not controlled. Obesity could cause diseases like cardiovascular disease and diabetes at an early age and even heart stroke, many types of cancers and other chronic diseases. The basic reasons behind the increase in weight among children, according to the findings of WHO, is the increase intake of energy foods which are high in fats and sugars but is low on vitamins, minerals and micronutrients and the reduced level of physical activity Insight of responsibilities The eating behaviors and physical activity of children are influenced by many sectors of society, like family, health organization, government and the school. The intervention of each one of them is the only solution to solve the obesity problem. Alone, they cannot do so, but with the interrelated help, obesity problem can be controlled. The importance of each other’s help should not be overlooked; and this study provides an insight of their responsibilities. a. The responsibility of the school. School is the second home of children. This is where children spend most of their time; so this is also an excellent place for physical activities and nutrition. Almost all young people go to school. The role of promoting physical activity and healthy eating has been a part of the curriculum of education and is not a new one. Schools can use existing resources and facilities that can support physical activity of students, and has potentials of reducing obesity and overweight. The school can get the most out of its resources in developing the knowledge and skills of students important for a healthy lifestyle. The school has the ability to make policy intercession, assignments of personnel, or even change of its environment. It can change choices of food in the cafeteria and in the vending machines toward healthy food. School cafeterias have vending machines that offer choices of junk foods. Friedman and Swartz (2008) reported the marketing promotions of food and beverage industries in schools wherein they offered lucrative contracts. Schools will carry their products in exchange for gym equipments, school equipments or even cash. In exchange, vending machines offered sugar ...Show more
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Summary

Obesity is one of the major health problems in the US. Many years ago, this is not a prevalent problem, but change of lifestyles brought a bulging population that is now a main concern in the US and in many other countries. …
Whose Responsibility of Childhood Obesity
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