To start with, the penal reform as a part of security sector reform (SRR) is a multiply directed way to transform not only prisons but also an opportunity to introduce community service instead of custody and provide alternative institutions and sanctions system in the country (Bastrick, 2010). Therefore, such a reformation is not just a slight fixation of the current style of penalty but a comprehensive way to bring up the new value system in this sphere. Moreover, the social perception of prison administration turns such a profession into “an especially difficult and thankless [one]” (ICRC, 2005, p. 10). And so, the penal reform is aimed at its core to change the very background of the penalty system in post-conflict countries not only at the reconstruction of prisons themselves.
Furthermore, the preoccupation with the penal reform is corresponding with international standards of human rights protection. In this context, the conditions of imprisonment in post-conflict countries rises issues of overcrowding, poor health services, children which are dealt with as adults and gender (UNODC, 2012). In particular, the very principles of penal system in these countries is constructed in such a way that only the systematic changes in its design can really solve the plenty of injustice that happens in these prisons.
Finally, the need to educate the prison staff in terms of social responsibility and human rights is the easiest and the most effective method to change the system at the grassroots level. In this context, the cruelest actions that troubled UN and NGOs a lot took place in prisons during the conflicts. For instance, the tremendous number of tortures in Syrian prisons (Human Rights Watch, 2011) shows the urgency of systematic transformation inside the prisons. And so, the special courses for prisoners that will be held in terms of individual value and careful attitude towards already blamed by the society people is really important for the renewal in