On the other hand, in the western cultures adolescents are charged with minimal responsibilities. This goes to prove that adolescents are perceived differently across various cultures.
There are major changes that take place in a person’s life during this period in life emotional, physically and socially. First, adolescents are highly emotional and sensitive to any changes that take place in their environment. Secondly, they go through some social changes where some of them withdraw and spend most of their time locked in their rooms. Thirdly, they go through major physical changes in their reproductive system; experience a general increase in body weight and size. For males, their voice grows deeper and they become more masculine (Piaget and Brbel 21). On the other hand, females look more feminine where their feminine features become more pronounced like breasts and hips.
An adolescent’s brain undergoes through various changes and studies have shown this structurally. Scans have revealed that the volume of the gray matter increases while that of the cortex region increases and later decreases. This is an integral part of the maturation process. This explains why teenagers are impulsive and less self-aware than adults (Piaget and Brbel 33). In my opininion teenagers should not be charged for crimes in a similar way as adults. This owes to the fact that their brains are not fully developed and thus immature. As such, they are more susceptible to engage in highly impulsive and irrational actions.
Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development are essential in the education setting and can be used to structure assignments and lessons for high school learners. This is because the theories state that teenagers learn by observing what is in their environment and this is the most effective way of learning (Piaget and Brbel 42). In other words,