as fare back s to the 12th and 13th centuries when developing capitalistic relations encouraged unification of European economy, and East India Company became the very first international trade company. The 19th century dominated by the vigorous process of industrialization contributed much to globalization, but, however, it was slowed down by the Great Depression in 1930s. Having sparked with the new vigor after the World War II, globalization produces immense impact on our modern world. However, this phenomenon is systemic and can be observed both as favorable and as challenge-imposing process as its effect on the economy and culture of certain countries is multifaceted with pluses and minuses. Keeping this in mind, we will consider the challenges globalization poses for the United States.
The US involvement into European affairs occurred after the World War I giving rise to a principally new stage of globalization, and this process was catalyzed after the World War II with USA’s decision to abandon the isolationist policy for good and connects its development trajectory with international affairs. However, globalization offers numerous challenges for all the countries involved into it varying only sometimes due to states’ specifics, stage of development, extent of influence in the international arena. The challenges posed by this “extreme form of interdependence” as Kirshner called it1 refer to various spheres of life. Generally, the main challenges global community faces in terms of globalization are issues of power, environment and culture. Challenges the US faces can be probably divided into general (i.e. faced by all the globalizers) and specific, typical for America as a kind of an outstanding power state.
One of the general issues faced by all the global community being on the way of vigorous integration is environment. Being a burning issue of nowadays, environment requires attention of all the globalizers and the most developed and