One of the categories is symbolic interaction. According to George Herbert Mead, symbolic interactionism deals of the specific symbols that are common in the society. The meaning of symbols is a crucial characteristic to the society. The different ways the symbols are used in the society becomes an important ground to instil discipline and harmony in the society.
Secondly, Robert Merton outlines another characteristic of the social perspective and that is social factionalism. According to Merton, functionalism instigates how the society is positively portrayed. All the organs in the society depend on each other and therefore every organ must perform its duty so that it can benefit the other organ. When one organ fails to perform as expected, the other organs of the society will fail since they also depend on the one that have failed. Therefore, social organs must also work to ensure efficiency of social functions.
The third aspect is the social disorder or conflict. Social crises are well explained by this theory. Karl Marx and C Wright Mills have contributed a lot on the reasons existence of the conflict in the society (Rummel, 1977). The most common social disparity that contributes to social conflict is the social status. The society is divided into categories that alienate social groups according to their wealth. The stratification, usually, makes some members of the society to be kings while others become slaves. The conflict occurs when the slaves want to be at the level of the kings while the kings want to maintain their position and widen the gap between them and the slaves. The slaves in this case are the members of the society which offers labour to the industries owned by the rich. Their work is big, but they, usually, earn very little income that is not enough for them. The rich people in the society just provides the capital in the form of machineries, but they earn a huge share of the profit made by the firms.