However, this content also exists as a sociological event. It indicates that health is influenced by different factors, such as economic, cultural, political, environmental and so forth. For example, if we take environmental factors, they include the necessary life facilities such as: the access to medical services, gendered identities as well as the employment status.
Peter Aggleton provides a set of guiding principles, which orientate health work in a particular way. In his book, he describes three main arenas in which healing of the person usually takes place. “The first of these is often the home or community within which we live. The second arena is the one in which non-professional healing specialists – such as clairvoyants, faith healers and herbalists operate. The third arena is made up of modern professional bio-medicine as well as what Kleinman calls the professionalized healing traditions of Indian, Chinese and native American medicine” (Aggleton, P., 1990, 4).
The community arena predetermines mostly the mental perception of disease in terms of different sociological factors. At the same time we observe that medical professions are becoming extremely popular among young specialists. Roy Porter examines the following question: “Could the rise of medical professions achieve much to reduce morbidity and mortality? Were English people healthier in 1850 than in 1750, 1650 or in 1550? Were they living longer? If so, how far was it thanks to medicine” (Porter, R). We’re facing with the question whether one’s mental views over the human body and overall emotional state has a significant influence over health his/her health, or it can be only regarded as a subordinate affect. J Santrock believes that health can be understood only as a combination of 3 factors: social factor, biological and, of course, psychological. (Santrock, J).
The attitude of the surrounding people to the ill person makes a great effect on the process of