Recognizing the responsibilities of children offers ground for the society to consider their rights with the seriousness that they deserve.
The difference between adulthood and childhood becomes clearer as the life of a child separates from the life of an adult. With children taken from paid work, their role as contributors to the economy has largely been devaluated. This makes the status of children to be precious but burdensome because they have to depend on their parents for their basic and secondary needs. Children become restricted to protected and subordinate roles in the society. Berry posits that the conception that a child should be entirely dependent on the parent should be revised (Mayall, 2002, 52).
Of importance is the fact that children today are less dependent on adults than ever before. Children have increasingly become responsible, especially with regard to their own affairs. In public spaces, a child is a threat of some sort, which is a matter of concern (Smith & Hart, 2011, 113). Along with the risks that children face in the society such as street danger and traffic danger, children are becoming more excluded from public places. A commonly held view is that children and young people get access to the cultural world of adults, therefore eroding the concept of childhood. With exposure to media that contain adult content, children have become creative enough to manipulate knowledge and media. However, these views are from the perspective of an adult (Mayall, 1994, 5).
The traditional understandings regarding childhood have given impetus to other basic and major concept in the psychology of children. The matter of socialization has become an important part of understanding childhood, and the influence that adulthood has on childhood. As a child grows, they meet other people and other agents in the society that help them to learn, aside from attending school to get formal education (Mayall, 2002,