The populations studied were school-based social workers in different countries. The researcher gained most knowledge by communicating with social workers on a personal basis. The most interesting aspects of the social workers were their education level and the services they provide. Though the services provided were similar across different nations, the qualifications differed with Canada requiring a masters and United Kingdom requiring no national certification.
The researcher used a computerized search through numerous online databases using keyword search (Allen-Meares, Montgomery, & Kim, 2013). The websites utilized included CINHAL, ERIC, PsycINFO, and MEDLINE while the search terms include ‘school’, and ‘social work*’ and ‘effectiveness’ or ‘outcome’ or ‘evaluation’. The researcher made use of asterisk to ensure that the search included numerous variations of the term ‘social work’. However, six inclusion criteria were included to ensure that only research that adequately addressed the research questions were analyzed. In the end, 88 abstracts were accepted as viable but only 18 studies were used for the final sample reviewed.
The purpose of the review was to investigate the treatment impacts of tier 1 and tier 2 school-based social work interventions. The scope of the study was United States and abroad and the results revealed increased administration interventions amongst social workers, hence revealing potential empirical support with different populations and outcomes. While most of the tier 1 interventions inclined towards sexual health and sexual assault prevention outcomes, tier 2 interventions focused on at-risk students and specific populations like parenting adolescents. The study revealed the increased need to have social workers work within evidence-based practice (EBP) outline (Hall, 2008; Spratt, 2011).
Allen-Meares, et al (2013) suggest that additional research is needed to create an understanding of