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517-531) has highlighted the correlation between victimization and offending on the basis of demographic and homogametic factors. On the basis of review of these two studies, the paper will present the mentioned theories in the studies that support the relationship and data that demonstrates a lack of support to the relationship. The paper will also highlight some of the important findings and relevant information from the studies.
Many experts have identified strong relationship between victimization and offending on the basis of cultural theory. According to the theory, individuals from disadvantaged neighborhood, i.e., a social surrounding in which violent oppositional norms are crucial, that are engaged in violent behavior are more likely become victims of violent assaults (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 428). Cultural theory suggests that people from violent cultural background are more likely involve in offensive acts and consequently, they are more prone to victimization from members of identical cultural background (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 428-430). In the “honor culture”, one’s reputation in the community is based on the aggressive or brutal nature and ability to defeat the aggressor by aggressive means. Hence, individuals from such cultural background are often involved in violent offensive acts to seek respect and build fear among fellow community members. Due to extreme competition and violent cultural norms, offenders from such background often become victims of violence themselves (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 430-431). In a way, cultural theory and the concept of “honor culture” strongly support the relationship between victimization and offending. Further, criminological theory suggests that the “homogenous” social and demographic factors such as race, age, leisure activities, culture, and residential area significantly influence the relationship (Asbridge et al., 2014, p. 518-519). The principle of homogamy claims that often offenders and ...