Victimology: Victimization and offending - Assignment Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Victimology: Victimization and offending

517-531) has highlighted the correlation between victimization and offending on the basis of demographic and homogametic factors. On the basis of review of these two studies, the paper will present the mentioned theories in the studies that support the relationship and data that demonstrates a lack of support to the relationship. The paper will also highlight some of the important findings and relevant information from the studies.
Many experts have identified strong relationship between victimization and offending on the basis of cultural theory. According to the theory, individuals from disadvantaged neighborhood, i.e., a social surrounding in which violent oppositional norms are crucial, that are engaged in violent behavior are more likely become victims of violent assaults (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 428). Cultural theory suggests that people from violent cultural background are more likely involve in offensive acts and consequently, they are more prone to victimization from members of identical cultural background (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 428-430). In the “honor culture”, one’s reputation in the community is based on the aggressive or brutal nature and ability to defeat the aggressor by aggressive means. Hence, individuals from such cultural background are often involved in violent offensive acts to seek respect and build fear among fellow community members. Due to extreme competition and violent cultural norms, offenders from such background often become victims of violence themselves (Berg & Lober, 2011, p. 430-431). In a way, cultural theory and the concept of “honor culture” strongly support the relationship between victimization and offending. Further, criminological theory suggests that the “homogenous” social and demographic factors such as race, age, leisure activities, culture, and residential area significantly influence the relationship (Asbridge et al., 2014, p. 518-519). The principle of homogamy claims that often offenders and ...
Download paper


Despite significant studies and research, the relationship between victimization and offending is controversial and widely debated. Most of the…
Author : trobel

Related Essays

Victimization of gender
Crimes and criminal acts thrive on the exploitation of their victims a fact that compels a systematic occurrence of the acts based on the prevailing stereotypes that may make a section of the society susceptible to the criminally instigated acts. Among the most common sources of victimization is gender, a case in which the two genders present different features some of most of which make either gender weaker to other. Masculinity and femininity are physical attributes of humanity that form the basis of difference as a result of this, it forms the basis from which the society has successfully...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
victimization of people in power
Yet, they firmly disagree over how to change the institution. The agreement among the professionals who place emphasis on the concerns of victims is that the criminal justice system is inefficient. It fails to satisfy the victims’ needs and demands. Challenging difficulties continue, and the condemnations of the institution expressed over the years are still present nowadays. Law enforcers are the criminal justice authorities that victims encounter at the onset. Law enforces could quickly help the victim and give whatever assistance is necessary. They could capture the criminal and promptly...
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Female sexual offenders in perspective A female sexual offender is a woman who is liable for conviction for a sexual offence and/or a non-sexual offence that has sexual motivation, or a woman who has admitted to a sexual offence pending conviction. Female sex offenders have gone unnoticed over the years (Ford, 2006), particularly because a vast majority of attention has conventionally focused on men as offenders thereby overlooking the female offenders who have been hiding in plain sight. Contrary to conventional belief, particularly due to the pervasive underrepresentation of female sexual...
13 pages (3263 words) Essay
Youth Offending. Theoretical and conceptual analysis.
Youth offending might affect whole communities and cause a degree of fear, and a sense of insecurity among them. As much as it damages one of the most vulnerable sectors of the society, i.e. youth, there is a whole set of issues associated with the scope for intervention by social workers to transform, improve the situation for better and initiate far reaching policy level changes. The youth have a multitude of problems that makes them resort to youth offending.
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Youth Offending
outh are often found to be socially and economically vulnerable and have higher risks of living diminished lives in the eyes of the advantaged as well as in their own eyes (Applebaum et al., 2010). The social and economic changes in the free-market economies have been cited as the main causes of social exclusion of minority youths, more so in the Western countries. In addition, weaknesses and inequalities in government service provision have made socially excluded people rather vulnerable in many ways (Coker, 2003). For instance, in England and Wales, the socioeconomically deprived and...
8 pages (2008 words) Literature review
Victimization Patterns of Women
Similarly, women’s risk of repeated victimization within an intimate relationship is also higher (Heimer & Kruttschnitt, 2006). The present task for those concerned about women’s victimization is bringing together these sets of information into a complete knowledge of violence against women.
5 pages (1255 words) PowerPoint Presentation
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!