Many doctors and pharmacists earned a lucrative living by "supplying opiates to drug addicts" (Meier 22). As the dangers of these drugs became more evident, laws became increasingly more restrictive regarding the sale and usage of these substances, until they had become outlawed or strictly regulated. By the mid-1950's in the United States, the American Bar Association and the American Medical Association became critical of the use of punishment against addicts and suggested rehabilitation and the use of drug clinics as a better and more humane alternative to punishing them (Meier). Despite these recommendations, the political and social climate of the country was bent towards punitive measures. Penalties for drug related crimes increased in severity. The United States government under President Richard Nixon started its drug use and drug trade prevention strategy through an initiative called “War on Drugs” in 1971. Media popularized this term after Nixon gave a press conference, a day after his address to the Congress, during which he stated that drug abuse is America’s number one enemy. So, the War on Drugs is commonly used to refer to the government campaign to prohibit drug use and illegal drug trade, even by using armed forces or military. This campaign includes a number of drug related laws and policies, which are followed and implemented by the government authorities to obstruct manufacturing, distribution, and consumption of what the government, defined as illegal and harmful drugs.