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Durkheim on Anomie - Essay Example

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As the report discusses anomie has two sociological dimensions. On a macro level, social forces develop abnormal conditions that develop a precarious life, such as warfare and civil conflicts.  On a micro level, work and solidarity become meaningless, and instead of providing opportunities for growth, they degrade our human nature.  Anomie is the opposite side of solidarity, and it is important that we study it because it shows sociological pathologies.This paper outlines that the first cause is the division of labor. A high level of division of labor decreases an individual’s ability to identify with his community, and this weakens social controls’ hold on human behaviors.  Such conditions generate social “disintegration” that manifests through egocentric behaviors, violation of norms, and lower trust in the legitimacy of the government.  Only social forces outside the person can control these desires and self-interests. Since the collective conscience comes from society, weakened social ties weaken the collective conscienc. In The Division of Labor, I determined two kinds of solidarity. The first kind is mechanical solidarity, or “solidarity which comes from likeness and is at its maximum when the collective conscience completely envelops our whole conscience and coincides in all points with it”. A society that increases in complexity enhances the specialization of roles and dissimilarity in social experiences, material interests, values, and other aspects of culture. ...Show more
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Summary

This discussion, Durkheim on Anomie, declares that socialization and education enable these social facts to become embedded in our consciousness as individuals. Social facts, furthermore, turn into moral obligations as we develop cultures that perpetuate the former.  …
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