Generally, social inequalities, injustice and late modernity have added to the perception of teenage pregnancy as being problematic, and this has given rise to the need of resilient mothering practices that teenage mothers should employ to take care of their children (McDermott and Graham). Working teenage mothers are compelled to mother in poor conditions along with experiencing social exclusion. Thus, they are left to utilize either the help from their families or their personal capabilities. They need to maintain kin relations and a strong mother-child dyad to gain the identity of a good mother. This makes young mother practices reflexive but controlled by social inequalities. Wilson and Huntington found that since the society has started considering teenage pregnancy as a problematic social problem, this perception has totally marginalized the lives of teenage mothers.
C. Wright Mills would describe the topic as a serious public issue. A problem becomes a social problem when some people of the community begin to get affected by it or start thinking about it as being an undesirable situation needing a solution. There are some social problems that are equally undesirable for all people of the community such as murders, robberies, bank fraud, rape, and the like; and, there are other problems that only certain group of people regard objectionable. However, to call a problem a social problem, there should be a collective unwelcoming to the problem from most of the community. Teenage pregnancy is one such problem which has put the society into a dilemma of what to do with the mother and the unborn or born child, and how to treat with those involved. Hence, C. Wright Mills would most definitely view this problem as a public issue rather than a private one.
This paper will look upon the matter using three sociological theories: Functionalist theory, Social Conflict