Despite the widespread claims across media and research that humanity has reached a higher stage of civilisation, the fact that the sufferings of human beings have not ended still remains true as we can see when looking at all the ongoing conflicts in the world, e.g. the civil war in Syria or South Sudan as well as AFG/PAK/IR. With the growing population and scarcity of resources, conflicts in different parts of the world are becoming increasingly common. In addition to these factors, various political and social influences also contribute to the genesis of conflicts. Due to this multifaceted nature of the problem, it is often difficult to find simple solutions to conflicts and for this reason such conflicts prevail for extended periods of time. Due to the fact that such conflicts are an ongoing process and they inflict considerable damages on the residents of a conflict-affected region, various laws have been developed and enforced on international level to deal with conflicts and their deleterious consequences. Such laws provide the necessary framework that is essential for the prevention of crimes that are commonplace in conflict-affected regions of the world.
Despite the enforcement of such laws, various heinous crimes that disrupt the humanitarian cause and process commonly take place.