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Critically compare Karl Marx's and Emile Durkheim theories of division of labour, class struggle and alienation/anomie - Essay Example

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Critically compare Karl Marx's and Emile Durkheim theories of division of labour, class struggle and alienation/anomie

He also gave special attention to reasons that motivated people to commit suicide. He is famous for works such as the rules of sociological method, the division of labour in society, and the elemental source of religious life. Both Marx and Durkheim described different aspects of the society that they perceived. They touched on aspects such as division of labour, class struggles, and alienation/ anomie. This paper will compare their views concerning these three aspects.
Karl Marx was against the capitalist ideology. During his time, this ideology was gaining popularity and many capitalists were exploiting labourers in different regions of the world. Marx opined that communism was a better ideology, which promoted the welfare e of the society. He had the conviction that capitalism would divide the society into two groups (Ryan, 2014). One group would comprise of the capitalist, who had the means and capital to control production. On the other hand, the lower class, which he called the proletarians, would provide the required labour during production (Alexander & Smith, 2005). Karl Marx highlighted that the workers would develop different skills in an effort to complete different tasks within the production unit. In an effort to perfect production, specialization would result (Gibbs, 2003). This means that workers would focus on developing core competencies in the production process. This means that the workers would tackle different tasks depending on their core competencies. According to him, division of labour would result from either technical or social reasons (Llorente, 2006).
Evidently, some technical jobs proved to be highly unpleasant for the people. However, for production to be successful, such technical tasks needed to be completed. Therefore, it was an inevitable part of the production process. Since the technical task needed completion, it emerged that a group of the ...Show more
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This recognition resulted from their theories developed in an effort to promote communism and socialism. More specifically, Marx receives recognition for founding economic history and sociology. This…
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