He states that there will be comprehensive downscaling, rescaling, downsizing and re-localizing of all activities (Kunstler 249). Consequently, it will foster a radical reorganization of the way people live in their most fundamental particulars. The main argument is that the United States will fragment into autonomous regions. The southwest and the major cities nationwide will ultimately near depopulation. He attributes such factors due to the lack of respect for these regions and that the northeast and Midwest are best suited due to their maintained geography and respect for diversity (Kunstler 256).
He stipulates that the next economy will be subject to lots of dysfunctions. It will collapse in the event of even a few disruptions. These disruptions would be minor if they occurred in isolation. Per se, the economies that rise from the ashes will be characterized according to the factors below. One of their characteristic is that they will be intensely localized and will be operational in much smaller scale (Kunstler 267). The main focus of these economies will be on food production due to the deteriorated rates of food production across the United States. Food is basic for human existence and if the supply will be low in the urban centers, people will depopulate to other regions where they can have better means to getting food.
Much of the land available will only be used for farming purposes hence people will also be required to relocate in order to develop agriculture. Agriculture will form the backbone of the economy necessitating people to learn and re-develop learning skills and support agricultural trade (Kunstler 269). Due to the exhaustion of fuel fossils, people will be forced to re-learn how to work in harmony with the lands and master the seasons. Forcing their will with fertilizers and pesticides will no longer be applicable. People will be forced to learn to enjoy the food that is available during particular seasons.