The study will also examine whether or not the enforcement of some particular state interventions articulated for catering to historically racially oppressed populations serves as another form of oppression. Hence, the research will attempt to examine and answer all of the above-mentioned questions related to racial prejudice and discriminations have been in vogue for the last four centuries.
Social stratification is rightly regarded to be a universal phenomenon, where the individuals belonging to diverse regions of the world look divided into different categories including clans, castes, creeds, communities, tribes, groups, nations and societies (Ember & Ember, 2003, p. 413). The ethnic, racial, regional and religious backgrounds, as well as social statuses, economic positions, gender, physical appearance, skin color, age-group and sexual orientation serve as the most important indicators of the division of people into groups and communities (Kerbo, 2003, p. 26). As a result, societies and cultures segregate the individuals on the above-described traits and characteristics and enter into interaction with them on the foundations of the same. Root has cited Chao, who explicitly declares ethno-racial discrimination as the original sin (1994, p.5). Despite the very reality that man does not have any authority with regards to deciding and determining his caste, tribe, physical appearance, gender and skin color; human societies pay due heed to these traits that look determining the place of the individuals within a social establishment. Financial position is certainly one of the most significant indicators of one’s status in society (Oliver & Shapiro, pp.35-6). It is predominantly the case with the racial background and skin color of the individuals, which have been the moot points as well as one of the most influential sources of segregation for the last few centuries