As for the process or discrimination, social learning theory would suggest that a particular part of the society sees that this is a practice that can be traced for a long time, so there is no problem continuing and reinforcing it.
Another approach that is called social identity theory provides a unique insight into the causes of prejudice and discrimination. This theory heavily relies on the relationship of an individual to a relevant group (Haslam 2003, p. 225). That is why the idea of prejudice might be regarded as a mechanism to differentiate the insiders from the outsiders. Speaking of the process of discrimination, one might note that it may be perceived as a tool to secure dominant place of a particular group in the society. Indeed, people will feel much safer and more secure if they know that the social environment favours them. However, it is absolutely clear that this kind of organization inevitably leads to the