The deinstitutionalization policy has resulted in many challenges in the day to day work of the police officers.
The enactment of the policy has amplified the number of people with mental disorder in the streets. The streets are increasingly becoming homes for hundreds of critically mentally ill persons. As a result social havoc has been on a rise since the time when the policy become effective. In essence, mentally ill persons live a different lifestyle from that of the normal people. In this regard, the police work has been made harder since they have to address the security challenges emanating from the mentally ill person and the normal people Graham, 2001).
The mentally ill persons have varied levels and stages of mental ailments. For this reason, the police officers require extra training in order to understand the various types of mental illness and how to address each one of them. This further strains the day to day work of the police officers since they have to spare some time to study the various mentally ill persons. In addition, effecting the policy resulted in the spread of mentally challenged persons all over the major cities. As a result, social problems such disturbance, noise and theft become widespread. For this reason, the police are forced to work extra hard in resolving the social problems caused by the mentally ill persons. Actually, deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill persons expanded the scope of operation for the police officers.
Police interaction with the mentally ill persons without training could result in psychological stress. For instance, the police would not be able to recognize the different attitudes and personality types possessed by the mentally ill people. Training facilities a deep understanding of people’s personality and perception towards relations with others. In fact, people with mental illness cannot be handled the