society as well as the discriminatory acts that they endure. It also makes a discussion of the scope of this issue in the US, as well as some of the current debates surrounding the gay and lesbian population. Finally, the paper generates ideas to decrease prejudice and combat discrimination for this population.
Over the years, the gay and lesbian population in the US has been on the increase. A study carried out in 2012 claims that more than one percent of the American adults are homosexual. In addition, there is twice as many homosexual youths. The gay and lesbian community is diverse and lives all over the United States. Same-sex couples can be found in 93% of all US counties and every state. Gay and lesbian people are partners, neighbors, coworkers, parents, and servicemen. Today more than a million gay and lesbian people are veterans. Those currently serving in the US military are estimated to be 71,000 (Taskforce et al., 2013). The acts of prejudice and discrimination faced by the gay and lesbian population in the US are as discussed below.
The gay and lesbian people in the US face pervasive discrimination in the workplace. The 2008 Social Survey by the Williams Institute revealed that one-in-four gay and lesbian employees reported having faced discrimination based on their sexual orientation in the past five years. Discrimination is perpetrated in the form of homophobic treatment and harassment in the workplace. Some employers, upon realization of the sexual orientation of the gay and lesbian employees, have been reported to have fired them (Levine & Leonard, 2014).
In addition to these acts of discrimination, the facilities designed for employees such as health benefits exclude same-sex couples. The gay and lesbian people are forced to subscribe to such services in individual capacity and end up paying double the cost. The Survey further revealed that 8-17% of gay and lesbian people were not hired due to their sexual orientation. A further