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How Australia Helps Refugees - Research Paper Example

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In retro respect, Refugees seek asylum in other countries for purposes of escaping war or other non-peace related issues in their home countries. As of 31 December, 2005, the source country reported to be largest in terms of refugees are Palestinian Territories, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sierra Leone, and South Sudan. Among these countries, South Sudan is reported to be leading in terms of IDPs, with the figure of five million. By 2006, Azerbaijan, having 80,000 IDPs and refugees had per capital IDP population that was highest worldwide. In the recent years, the debate on Refugees has been the focus following a considerable public concern. For the case of Australia in particular, over 620, 000 refuges, as well as the displaced persons have been settled in the past fifty years. It has been noted that the post-war refugee program led to about 170,000 displaced people moving to Eastern and central Europe (Leach & Mansoure, 2003). These groups of refugees run away from fascist and the communist regimes. They were later followed by a wave of refugees’ emanating from Czechoslovakia in the year 1968 and Hungary in the year 1956. Beside the 1950s, and 1970s large scale economic migration, the number of refugees dropped considerably. However, the number of refugees went up again during the periods following late 1970s and 1980s. Most of these refugees were from Latin America and South East Asia. In 1990 and 1991, Vietnam and El Salvador were the key sources of refugees to Australia with Vietnam constituting 41 % of the associated refugees and 19 percent for El Salvador. Later, in 1992 and 1993, Yugoslavia (29%) was the main source of refuges to Australia. As far as the Australia research is concerned, refugees have for years been included in a wider study involving the immigrants. This, thus, implies that the refugees have not been distinguished from the voluntary migrants. This follows a definition of immigrants as persons born oversees, including refugees (Weiner, 2002). Clearly, it reflects the concern, as well as the availability of statistics defining different groups hence birthplace statistics have become readily available as opposed to those that are based upon the visa category. Generally, as immigrants are seen as persons who freely make a choice of leaving their countries of origin, refugees are those that are forced to flee. The distinction should be clear, however, sometimes that has not be clear. For instant, according to Steel (2003), both refugees having permanent residence and migrants show similar levels of pre-migration trauma. This, thus, imply that the migrants originating from this ethnic group can be considered as refugees. In this study, the term refugee would be limited to persons who arrive in Australia through the Government Humanitarian program. In this respect, refugees are distinguished from the asylum seekers who are generally, persons that seek protection as refugees though not yet been recognized officially as refugees. On a general scale, Australia like any other stable country is not spared in hosting refugees. Currently, Australia has 13,000 reservations for refugees. The country has two channels of ensuring safe and efficient refugee arrivals include offshore and onshore. Since the completion of World War II, the country has hosted more than 700,000 refugees in ...Show more
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The paper involves utilizing the available data in books, journals and articles concerning the state of refugees in Australia, as well as interviews from the relevant departments dealing with refugees in finding out how Australia helps refugees. …
How Australia Helps Refugees
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