They include depressants, stimulants, and narcotic drugs. Some examples of drugs in the schedule II category include cocaine, morphine, and oxycodone. The schedule III, IV, or V drugs are not highly abused, and they are legal for medical use. They contain small amounts of nicotine and they are sedatives, stimulants, non-narcotic analgesics, and anti- anxiety drugs (Holland 32). This paper will give a detailed comparison between Heroin, Marijuana, and MDMA, drugs in schedule I, and argue justification why MDMA should be classified in schedule II. The difference between schedule 1 and schedule II drugs is that schedule II are believed to be more addictive and are highly abused, but they have legitimate allowance to be used for medical purposes (Goode 47). Schedule 1 drugs include both drugs and other substances that have high potential of abuse. These substances are not acceptable for medical use it treatment in some states. They are unprescribed under medical supervision since there safety is not assured. It is illegal for anyone to dispense, manufacture, or distribute these substances. People caught trafficking drugs in schedule 1 face life sentence in jail. A schedule II drug too has high chances of abuse though it is accepted in medical use for treatment but under strict supervision. Abuse of these drugs leads to serious side effects including physical and psychological. These schedule II substances however are used in emergencies only (Chambliss 177).
International Narcotics Control Board report for 2006 states that MDMA has other names like Adam, Clarity, Lover’s speed, Stacy, X, and Essence. Adam was developed before the world war one. It was taken in form of white powder that is puffed or even pills. It comes in fancy colored tablets of white, brown, pink, and even yellow. It gives less stimulation when compared to cocaine, which is also a hallucinogen. It causes brain damage that is irreversible hence leading to death. It can be consumed as a fun drug, it is claimed that it offers insight, energy, peace, awareness and heightens sensory perception too. It causes increased heart rates and loss of memory hence learning difficulties. Changes caused to the brain to be permanent, but with discontinued use, it may recover back to normal after several years. Marijuana, also called cannabis, has its effects on different individuals differently. It has other common names like mull, weed, blow, ganja, tocas tea, torpedo, viper’s weed, twistum, and grass (Holland 56). It is obstructed from dried parts of cannabis sativa plant. After consumption, its effect may last for 3 – 4 hours and later on one may experience hangover and drowsiness. Consumption of marijuana in small amounts may turn out to be recreational rather than destructive. It raises one’s confidence and changes their perception on issues like space and dignity. With continued smoking of marijuana it may result in coughing. It also has high content of cancer causing elements and leads to memory loss. Heroin is the most addictive substance derived from morphine or codeine or opium. Its users suffer effects like vomiting, nausea, and poor coordination of the body. Long-term use leads to loss of sexual drive and constipation. Advanced use leads to death of the user or takes them into coma. Opium can relieve pain though not commonly used since it is addictive. The common street name for heroin is junkie. Its other names are smack, H, tootsie