His main point of focus was on the Catholic Church whose doctrines were opposed. This situation led to the emergence of reformist groups referred to as Protestants though their influence brought about economic disparities. Capitalism stratifies society into two groups; the rich and the poor. As it is today, capitalism is characterised by those that have a say in the means of production and those who work towards helping the rich achieve their goals. Power and authority give a few individuals the ability to oppress other. The economy is controlled by rich people who determine how resources are to be allocated and utilized. Capitalists also have very strong political influence.
Weber developed the thought of social stratification (Cox, 1950). According to him, society is subdivided into ranks or classes. These classes are based on political power and affiliation, level of income, amount of wealth and social status among other factors. As a result of differences in class, conflicts arise since each class had different interests (Cox, 1950). This ideology is very applicable to the modern society given that people in the high classes of society are always in conflict with those in lower levels. Competition between these two groups is influenced by the scarcity of resources. People with interests go against people with contradicting ideas. This is what has left society in constant war that continues to escalate.
Max Weber’s views on modernity also contribute to the current status of the contemporary world. According to Weber, society is in its existing state due to historical ideas. He bases his argument on the process of rationalization that he refers to a self-conscious manner in which society meets ends through individuals. Rationality influences modernity through various social practices (Seidman, 1983). Today’s modern society is controlled by goals and pursuit of fulfilment both in social and in personal life. Various practices