Later, the paper will outline some of the possible solutions to the adverse effects of the enactment of the policy.
Enactment of the one-child policy caused a lot of dilemmas for individuals, couples and the society at large. Women had to bear the burden of losing children through abortions and infanticides. On the other hand, women who choose to keep their children were faced with stigmatization and discrimination in the society. The fines enacted upon an unlawful birth were economically costly to the family (Roy, Blomqvist and Clark, 16). Besides raising a child in stigma, cost of raising the child, couples had to pay government fines. Human trafficking and kidnapping of women to marry them off destroyed their dignity. The policy caused polarization and tension in the society between the administrators and the society.
An open letter written to President Xi Jinxing during the 34th anniversary of China’s one child policy the writer refers to the policy as barbaric. The policy is said to have caused millions of women devastating pain. The policy is further accused of being the only legal policy that caused more violence against women and girls. Reports of the effects of the policy often flaunt news headlines: “Chinese Mother, fined $54,200 for Flouting One-child Policy,” as posted on MSCBN world news website. A case is reported of a student who delivered in the University washrooms and stuffed her baby down the toilet pipe before fleeing the scene. Cases of forced abortion and suicide or murder as a result of the dispute with a family planning official over fines are numerous in China.
There is a notable gradual decrease in the fertility rate, birth rate and consequently a decrease in population growth in China. The number of children in an urban household is averagely one and two for the rural households (Hong 2). The policy compels women to have children in later stages