Goffman’s view that the self is an actor is also explored. In his case, Goffman explains that the ‘self’ varies his performance based on his audience. The performance is based on the way he wants the audience to perceive him, but, like any other performance, it may face different dramaturgical catastrophes (Goffman, 34).
In the theory of the social self, George Mead proposes that the self is gradually developed during social interactions (Mead 1). He disputes the assumption that the self is based on inherited traits and biological factors by proposing that abandonment of the soul endowed to an individual at birth (Mead 1). The self consists of ‘me’ and ‘I’, which is developed by engaging in three activities including language, play, and games. Language fosters the growth of the self by enabling individuals to communicate via sounds, words ad gestures. Hence, anger, joy, confusion, sadness, and other emotions are conveyed. It ensures that an individual understands other people’s attitudes toward and opinion of him. Play allows persons to undertake different roles and perform to the expectations of others; hence, developing the self. Through role-playing, play evokes the self-consciousness of an individual. The individual can comprehend the perspective of others and understand how other people feel about themselves, as well as, other in different social situations. Games help the self-grow by helping an individual understand and follow the rules that govern an activity, which imparts the knowledge that an individual adheres to certain rules to become successful or win in a game (Mead 4).
The self consists of the ‘me’ and ‘I’. According to Mead, the socialized part of an individual is the ‘me’. It represents attitudes, expectations, and behaviours of people and society that have been learnt (Mead 8). It is developed through social interactions and the society’s