However, studies have also shown that human trafficking is a global problem and although it does not happen in isolation, women, children and the marginalized minorities are increasingly being targeted in the 21st century (Trafficking in Persons Report June 2009). Although developing countries are usually the countries of origin and the developed world such as Europe and the US the countries of destination, the trend has also been reported to change directions under certain circumstances. Studies have also shown that although there are numerous factors contributing to human trafficking, economic and cultural factors, government policies and civil unrest are the ones contributing the most towards the problem in the 21st century (US Department of State, 2011). This research paper will discuss human trafficking specifically in the US with focus on its history and show that the problem is increasing despite the contemporary policies and strategies put in place against it.
According to studies conducted on the victims, economic factors are the most common ones contributing to the increasing social problem. This can be attributed to the rapidly increasing global population especially after WWII that was witnessed in the developing countries (Andreas, 2006). This population growth is still going on and the already poor infrastructure and a weak economy are being stretched to levels that citizens can longer bear. The resulting social and economic conditions made many people vulnerable to human trafficking. This understanding explains the prevalence of the problem in developing countries and Eastern and Central Europe. The victims usually end up in Western Europe and the US. The 2008 financial crisis was on a global scale but some countries were affected more than others. As the Western world recovered, people from developing countries sought ways of migrating with the hope of better social and economic conditions.