The Marxist theory implies that there is a continuous conflict between the classes (class conflict). The conflict is based on economic deprivation and exploitation of proletariat class by the bourgeoisie. It results in a class struggle between workers and the capitalists. Marx proposed that the level of exploitation determines the level of dissatisfaction among the workers, i.e., immiseration. Marx further explained that the workers ought to develop class-consciousness and realize the exploitation imposed by the elite class through the existing system and should strive to throw out the system. Carl Marx explains the crime phenomenon in terms of class conflict. He exerts that crime is a violent form of deviance committed to free themselves from the exploitation of the elite capitalists (Leschied, 2007; Miller & Lynam, 2001). The same socio-economic inequality had a huge effect on youth delinquency. The theory says that inequality lead to frustration, which leads to distortion of self-image that ultimately turns into crime. Thus, such crime not only results in economic gains but is also rebuilds self-esteem. For the oppressed people crimes are the only way to assert their authority and control on the society (Carrabine 2008).
Juvenile institutions, just like adult institutions are based on capitalist elitist agenda. These juvenile social institutions are means of oppression on the young people belonging to lower class. Such institutions assert its authority and power on the powerless suppressed class. Thus, social institutions like juvenile justice system, education system are designed to promote elitist capitalist agenda. The response to such organization are therefore, called ‘crimes’ (Carrabine 2008). The Marxist theory views that reformers are imposing the interests of capitalist system on the lower segment of society, which have very weak socio-economic status, and cannot put up resistance to it. Juvenile institutions are nurturing ground for the lower