When there are too many in people in prison, this leads to too much use of public funds and reduced productivity in the society. The best way to avoid his is by identifying the offenders who have reformed enough to be released before their time is fully served. This way, the prisons are decongested and this makes them better paces to reform the remaining offenders.
When a prison is congested, even the chance that the offenders in that prison reforming goes down and it is necessary to make sure that the numbers are kept down. United States American has the highest number of incarcerations per a thousand people (Glaser, 2012). The number of correctional facilities is outnumbered by the number of offenders. Over congested prisons and jails offer little chance of correcting and reforming prisoners due to the social pressure that can be found in such prisons. In such a case, the use of probation and parole offers a good way to not only relieve the prisons from too much population but also to help in faster reformation of the offenders. In most of the cases, offenders who are released on parole or who are in probation are less likely to relapse to crime (Gottfredson, Mitchel-Herzfeld, & Flanagan, 1982). On the other hand, when the prisoner serves his entire term in prison and is released upon the end of their term, they are likely to go back to crime because they are free and not under any kind of surveillance. On the other hand, when they get probation or parole, they have to be under surveillance where they are monitored by a probation officer who makes sure that they are conforming to the terms and rules of the parole or probation. Because of the time they have to be on probation or parole, they get used to living within some rules this acts as a firm of training or rehabilitation for them to be able to understand that they have to live with the rules of the society. As a result, by the time they have served their probation,