The following is a review of three major sports theories namely Cultural, interactionist and Structural.
The cultural sports theory concentrates on ideological differences, cultural production and power relations among members of a society. Here, sport is viewed as a social construction that changes with the dynamics of power relations, discourses and narratives of a given society. The cultural theory asserts that sport is more than just a reflection of society: Firstly, Sports comprise of series of relationships that are initiated by the people. Secondly, sports are the social stuff from which culture and society are born. Lastly, sports are creations of members of society who freely interact with one another (Coakley, 2001).
The users of cultural theory have, therefore, always depended on the assumption that sports are more than just reflections of the society. Having laid the assumption as the sole foundation, the pro-cultural theorists concentrate on the manner in which members of society struggle over an organization and the various meanings of sports. Secondly, the study of cultural theory aims at establishing whose voices and concepts are usually adopted in discourses about sports in a societal set up. The study also focuses on how dominant these discourses and relations of power may be gradually abolished so as to pave way for progressive changes. The research in cultural sports theory majors in the sports as platforms for cultural changes. It also tackles the organization of sports and the meaning according to various societies. This theory, therefore, encourages the people to use sports as a means of challenging and transforming oppressive and exploitative practices in society.
The second major theory of sports is the Interactionist Theory. This theory asserts that an given society is always established and managed through sets of social interactions among the members. The creation of sports, therefore, follows that