For the purposes of this paper, disability shall be analysed through the prism of the Equality Act 2010. Challenges of disability shall be discussed based on the experiences of day-to-day involvements of persons with disability. Disability is not inability; therefore, disabled persons should be treated fairly in all areas of social, economic and political pursuits (Citizens Advice Bureau, 2015, p. 1).
Under the Equality Act 2010, one is taken to be disabled if the person has “a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term negative effect” on that person’s ability to carry out his normal activities (Gov.Uk, 2010, p. 1). For the purpose of implementation of the Act, the problem of definition needed to be addressed. The problem of ‘substantial” and “long-term”, as used in the Equality Act 2010, were defined as follow. Substantial was defined to imply that the disability caused one longer than average to complete tasks that previously took a shorter time to complete (Government Equality Office, 2010, p. 4). For the purposes of determining disability, “long-term” was defined to mean that the condition progressed for more than 12 months (Gov.Uk, 2010, p. 1). All terms of the Equality Act 2010 as far as disability is concerned are pegged on the above major definitions as the guiding principles for the various forms of disabilities covered by the act.
Given the nature of the Equality Act 2010, the law had to specify what categories of persons are covered by the act. This was necessary in order to prevent any possible lawsuits by persons who in their understanding may have believed that they are disabled whereas they are not. In anticipation of such an eventuality, the Equality Act 2010 specified the following. In the determination of disability, alcohol addiction, nicotine addiction or general addiction to any other substance that does not arise from the medical administration of prescribed