The aspect of being unhealthy is caused by diseases. A disease, according to Haines, Sanders, & Lehmann (2007) refers to a disorder that occurs to cause a change in the normal functioning of the structure of a person and is accompanied by signs and symptoms. These are the ideas as expressed by the functionalist perspectives as expressed by the functionalist proponent Herbert Spencer. On the other hand, the postmodernism aspect of the sick role is more of an integration of many previous theories. It determines that the sick people usually change their capability and hence they are forced to sport the normal operations as per their normal duties (Haines, Sanders, & Lehmann, 2007, p. 22). This research seeks to establish the aspect of the sociology of health. Specific focus will be based, with reference to the sociological perspectives, the relationship between a doctor and a patient, the levels of social control in the medical field as well as the political economy in the medical field. A conclusion will be based on the findings as per the findings in the different sections and perspectives.
The relationship between doctors and patients is special in determining the performance of the doctor as far as the illness of the patient is concerned. From the functionalism perspective, Parsons determined that the relationship is supposed to be based on a social system in which the societal expectations on a given profession must be taken care of (Haines, Sanders, & Lehmann, 2007, p. 112). Given that the system takes to account the aspect of there being high levels of consideration for the whole society, it is determined that the work of the doctor in treatment of a patient was not just limited to the individual patient. It was aimed at eradicating the disease in the whole society. The behaviour is supposed to impact the whole social system and in turn, the whole society is supposed to benefit effectively. How the disease would affect the functioning of the whole society