For example, in the article by Muñoz (2007), the author notes that people living in Dinuba have been forced to take up American names, neglecting their original Spanish names. As Muñoz notes, the English way of life had led to ‘quiet erasure of cultural difference that assimilation has attempted to accomplish’ (Muñoz, 2007). In the end, people end up losing that which makes them unique. Secondly, assimilation causes groups to live in ‘dual existence’, and some may feel ashamed or out of place. In this case, assimilation causes people to adopt two lifestyles; one for the public and the other for the private. For instance, Muñoz (2007) acknowledges that he and others “splintered off into a dual existence of English at school, Spanish at home” (Muñoz, 2007). This creates a kind of battle in which individuals find it difficult to sustain both lifestyles. In the end, as Muñoz (2007) notes, one loses the confidence to speak in public because he feels burdened by his own history.
In spite of the above limitations, assimilation has several advantages. First, assimilation allows the minority culture to gain access to opportunities and privileges in the host country. For instance, Muñoz (2007) gives the example of his stepfather whose name was changed from Antonio to Tony, which allowed him to access fieldwork. He had also to learn and use English as the main language. In a country like America where English is the dominant language, it plays a critical role in various aspects of life, especially when it comes to finding employment. Therefore, learning English, as Antonio did, gave him the chance to convince his employers to offer him fieldwork. Assimilation creates a sense of equality that allows everyone to participate in the society equally. Secondly, through assimilation, confrontations between various groups in the society can be minimized. Muñoz says that he understood that his upbringing “would not have been tolerated by any of the students of colour” (Muñoz, 2007).