The key ingredients of social movements are the unity of intention and purpose driven by collective and innovative behavior. To achieve the social change different tactics are applied depending on the desired level of change. Such tact includes but not limited to lobbying legislators, demonstrations, organizing educational meetings or applying armed resistance among many others. Social movements may cause social disorganization and discontent. On the other hand it may usher a new of thinking or a new political regime or a new and better world. The new things may include better access to health care, improved political representation and democracy or cleaner and conducive environment among others.
Social change movements can be categorised based on number of factors such as degree of change needed , type of change , methods used to create change as well as range and the level of society affected. There are four main categories of social movement namely; alternative, reformative, redemptive or revolutionary social movements.
Alternative social change movements are movements that affect small changes in individual attitudes, beliefs and/or activities. Gay and lesbian movements as well as anti-vaccination movements are examples.
Reformative social change movements are movements that affect a society or community and bring about small or minor changes thus leaving most of its social structure intact. Such movements’ intention may be to bring about shared power of control among different interested parties. Examples are health care reforms and animal rights movements.
Redemptive social change movements are movements that apply to few individuals but bring about radical or fundamental changes to individual attitudes, beliefs, and activities. An example is a religious cult movement.
Finally, revolutionary social change movements are movements that affect societies or communities and they bring about gigantic changes. They are often disruptive